본 연구는 북한 비대칭 위협에 대한 군사영역별 대응을 위해 국방정책, 군사전략, 위기관리 영역 군사전문가들의 설문 연구를 통해 군사적 대응 요소에 대한 중요도 및 우선순위를 분석하는데 그 목적이 있다.
북한 비대칭 위협 대응 방안에 대한 기존 선행연구는 주로 문헌 연구였다. 본 연구에서의 북한의 위협 및 대응을 다루는 군사 실무자들을 대상으로 설문조사 및 면담을 통하여 수집한 자료를 통계기법을 활용하여 대안을 도출하였다.
조사연구 결과, 북한의 비대칭 위협에 대응하기 위한 국방정책, 군사전략, 위기관리의 3가지 영역에서 상위 요인과 하위 요인을 도출하였고 상․하위 요인별 중요도와 우선순위를 도출하였다.
초 록 [영문]
Currently, North Korea is doing its best to strengthen its asymmetric military power despite the deterioration of the economic situation and strong sanctions from the UN and the international community. In particular, asymmetric military strategy to achieve relative military advantage over Korean troops by strengthening nuclear and missile, biochemical weapons, special warfare units, and cyber power is a very serious threat to Korean security.
The purpose of this study is to analyze and synthesize the importance and priorities of response factors through a survey of military experts in defense policy, military strategy, and crisis management for military response to such asymmetric threat to North Korea.
Most of the previous studies on the countermeasures against North Korea’s asymmetric threat were qualitative studies of subjective opinions through literature studies in academic aspects. Therefore, this study conducted quantitative research based on the analysis of previous studies and questionnaires, not the theory and subjective proposal of North Korea’s asymmetric threat. In other words, the results of the survey were analyzed and synthesized through technical statistics after conducting a survey on a group of military experts who have practical experience related to North Korea’s asymmetric threat, and they were differentiated from other studies in terms of deriving North Korea’s asymmetric threat countermeasures.
This study is very meaningful and necessary in that it presented the importance and priority of realistic alternatives and asymmetric threat factors that can overcome the current security crisis in Korea due to the strengthening of North Korea’s asymmetric power.,In particular, the results of the study derived from the analysis of the top factors and each sub-factor of defense policy, military strategy, and crisis management will be very helpful for the development of asymmetric threat response strategies and the construction and operation of military power., It will also contribute to the development of academic research related to North Korea’s asymmetric threats in the future.